What is a Commercial Invoice?

A commercial invoice is a crucial document in international trade. It acts as evidence of a transaction between a buyer and a seller and serves as proof of the goods’ value, quantity, and other important details. If you are involved in international trade, it is important to understand what a commercial invoice is and what information it should contain.

First and foremost, a commercial invoice should include the names and addresses of both the buyer and the seller. It should also include a detailed description of the goods being sold, including the quantity, unit price, and total value. This information is crucial for customs officials to determine the appropriate tariffs and duties.

Additionally, the commercial invoice should include information on the terms of the sale, such as the payment method, delivery terms, and any applicable Incoterms. Incoterms are a set of standardized rules that define the responsibilities of buyers and sellers in international trade.

A commercial invoice may also include additional information, such as the date of shipment, the port of origin and destination, and any applicable shipping and handling charges.

It is important to note that a commercial invoice is different from a proforma invoice, which is an estimate of the costs of goods and services that is issued before the actual sale takes place. A commercial invoice is only issued after the sale has been completed.

In conclusion, a commercial invoice is an essential document in international trade that provides important details about the goods being sold and the terms of the sale. Make sure to include all necessary information in your commercial invoice to avoid any delays or issues with customs officials.